f4 phantom still in service

This last batch brought the number of F-4s serving with the PA to 121. It was operated by the US Navy, the USMC and later the USAF, from 1961 until 1995.It is still in service with other nations. The first six aircraft were returned in October 1972, with another five returned in November 1972. Although not deployed in a war role RAF Phantoms were involved in air-defence duties on Quick Reaction Alert. The contract included industrial offsets for German industry, particularly production work for Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm who manufactured and supplied F-4 components to McDonnell Douglas' Phantom production facility in St. [12], On 16 January 1971 the first RF-4E, dubbed the "Spirit of St. Louis", flew from the U.S. to Spain and finally onto Germany. The first six F-111Cs were delivered in June 1973, and the rest of the F-4Es were returned to the United States Air Force. The last batch delivered had AVQ-23A Pave Spike laser designation pod compatibility. On 22 June 1970, the contract was signed, and the first of 24 new F-4Es arrived the following September. Phantoms were also provided with Rafael LITENING pods, capable of navigation, targeting and use of guided weapons, such as the AGM-65 Maverick. Israeli Phantoms scored 11 air victories during this period although several were lost, mainly to SAMs,[34] but above all they inflicted heavy damage on Egyptian land forces during the War of Attrition. 892 NAS commissioned with the Phantom in 1969, and embarked in Ark Royal for the first time in 1970, making the Fleet Air Arm the only naval air arm outside the United States to operate the Phantom from the deck of an aircraft carrier. [97], They entered service with No. After these attacks against strategic targets, the F-4s struck tactical battlefield targets, destroying many Iraqi armored vehicles. In 1992, the first batch of six upgraded aircraft was delivered to JG 71 (Fighter Wing 71), but the AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles were not available at that time. The first entered service on 27 January 2000 with deliveries to 111 and 171 Filo. The Al Quwwat al Jawwiya il Misriya (Egyptian Air Force or EAF) encountered Israeli F-4s during fighting between the two states, especially during the later stages of the War of Attrition and the 1973 Yom Kippur War. F-4 Phantom II non-U.S. operators are the non-U.S. nations with air forces that operate or used to operate the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II. By the time production of the type ended in 1979, over 5,000 Phantom IIs had been built around the world. [24], One of the first measures taken by the PA was to increase the number of reconnaissance RF-4Es in their fleet, to augment the existing six. 82 Wing's aircrew were to be converted to the F-111). [34][41], During the Yom Kippur War it was reported that one Israeli F-4 Squadron was put on alert for a nuclear strike, but not confirmed. The purges greatly weakened the air force and left the 180 Phantoms still in service, largely without trained air and ground crews. It was reported that the Turks defeated the Chinese aircraft in air combat exercises. The main updates involved the APG-76 radar, Elbit ACE-3 mission computer, HOTAS, the addition of winglets for increased agility, ASX-1 TISEO and the ability to deploy Popeye missiles. These aircraft were designed for a lifetime of only 1,000 hours but were pushed to 5,800 hours, many of them flown at low-level. The last Phantom squadron, 74 Squadron was disbanded on 1 October 1992. [24], There were many differences between the batches supplied to the Hellenic Air Force. A second batch of F-4Es plus two extra aircraft were delivered in 1976, followed by a final batch in 1978–79. 74 Squadron RAF (Tiger Squadron), based at RAF Wattisham in the air-defence role. The U.S. State Department proposed trading Egypt new military hardware in exchange for military aircraft made in the USSR, including MiG-21s, and the newer MiG-23s delivered to them by the Soviets prior to their breakdown of relations in 1976. First units to disband were the RAF Wildenrath-based 19 and 92 Squadrons, which were the last air defence units to serve in RAF Germany, followed by 56 Squadron in May 1992. However, the 1966 Defence White Paper saw the cancellation of the CVA-01 project, with the Royal Navy's Phantom order cut to 48. Given that almost all the Israeli F-4s had suffered battle damage, an update to increase their capabilities and standardize the various production blocks was commenced in 1974. Germany upgraded 110 to ICE configuration. [71], In September 2010, U.S. Army spokeswoman Lt. Col. Tamara Parker confirmed a combined Chinese-Turkish exercise that ran from 20 September through 4 October at the Konya air base in Turkey's central Anatolia region. [26], DASA won the contract in August 1997, dubbed "Peace Icarus 2000". "[75] The statement went on to claim that the aircraft was found to be a "Turkish military plane that entered Syrian airspace and was dealt with according to laws observed in such cases". The RF-4Cs were given the Spanish designation CR.12.[63]. 60 years of service puts the F-4 Phantom into a similar life cycle span as the C-130 Hercules. It is also possible to install Pave Spike targeting pods and rocket pods of all sizes. At the end of 1994, there were about 70 F-4F ICE aircraft already modified, 40 were still waiting for APG-65 radar, and 40 were not modified but still in service. At that time, it was hoped that the AIM-120 could be received by 2005 and then there were only funds for 96 missiles with an option for 288 more. IAI was ruled out because it was already involved with the Greek's historical adversary, Turkey, upgrading their own Phantoms at this time. In 1982, an AIM-9-armed Phantom FGR.2 returning from a Quick Reaction Alert over Germany accidentally shot down a Royal Air Force Jaguar GR.1.[93]. With 80 Phantoms on order, the strength of the THK was increased to new levels. In 1972 another 18 were delivered from the USAF 3rd TFW (Tactical Fighter Wing), in exchange for which South Korea delivered 36 Northrop F-5As to South Vietnam. Since 1991, 254 Phantoms have served as unpiloted flying targets for missile and gun tests conducted near Tyndall Air Force Base in Florida and Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico. Mitsubishi built all the EJs over the next nine years and the production ended with 127th F-4EJ, on 20 May 1981. At that time there were 122 F-4E and 6 RF-4Es in service with the IDF.[34][37]. An epic eight-part documentary series 100 years in the making. [38][39] During the war Israeli Phantoms first used the new AGM-65 Maverick missile. [34], Some aerial maneuvers were believed to fool the SA-6 systems and these were used while the IDF waited for better ECM weapons. ", "Japan narrows next-generation fighter requirement choice. [47], The F-4EJ entered service with the JASDF in August 1972 with a total of six Hikōtai ("Squadrons") operating the aircraft: the 301, 302, 303, 304, 305 and 306th. Over time the F-4s and F-1s are being replaced with the new Mitsubishi F-2, an enlarged development of the F-16 developed jointly with Lockheed Martin. The ICE F-4Fs were expected to remain in service until JG 71 transitioned to the Eurofighter Typhoon in 2013. [87] The units equipped were 700P Naval Air Squadron trials unit, 767 Naval Air Squadron training unit, and a single operational squadron, 892 Naval Air Squadron, all home based at Yeovilton. Louis. Welcome old en New phriends of the F-4 Phantom Pages! Japan has operated the F-4 Phantom II fighter jet since the late 1960s, with at least one plane still flying that's almost 50 years old. Other fighters, seen as supplemental to the F-4E, were purchased as well. Some F-4s were upgraded with the AN/AVQ-26 Pave Tack laser targeting pod. ", "Arabian Aerospace - Phantom wing finally re-equipped with F-16s", German air force to bid 'Pharewell' to last F-4Fs, U.S.: Iran launches airstrikes against IS in Iraq, "McDonnell F-4 Phantom: Essential Aircraft in the Air Warfare in the Middle East - HistoryNet", "McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom - Development. The man saw a jet coming at him at high speed and low altitude and opened fire, Makdissi said. This engine was already used in the RAAF's Mirage IIIOs, but the French turbojet was inferior to the General Electric J79, and the RAAF chose instead to order the F-111C Aardvark which had a greater range.[4]. Cooper, Nicole, Arab Migs, Volume 4, Attrition War 1969-1973, p. 101, 102, Rollino, Paolo. In 1971 the new West German Luftwaffe was only 16 years old, having been formed in 1955. A proposal made by DASA was evaluated that would have included installation of the APG-66 radar and AMRAAM missiles. [48], McDonnell Douglas built the two prototype F-4EJs, which first flew on 14 January 1971. In the 1980s, the Tornado started to replace the Phantom in the air-defence role. [59][60], Deliveries occurred between October 1971 and September 1972 under Peace Alfa. It pheatures hypnotic slow-motion phootage of Phantoms. The first eight were sent to George AFB where crew training was carried out. [95][96] The main difference was the absence of combat slats as requested by the RAF, since they were considered to be a "source of drag". Spain has employed F-4Cs as spares since 1989. [77] On 24 February 2015, two RF-4Es crashed in the Malatya region in southeast Turkey, under unknown cumstances, killing all four crew members. The F-4EJ Kai upgrade added several other air-to-surface weapons to the F-4, including bombs and rockets. [35] Egyptian fighters had a hard time dealing with the F-4s, and their SA-2 Surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) were not effective at low altitudes. After the war Peace Echo V provided Israel with 24 new, 24 ex-USAF and 6 RF-4Es, completing the program in November 1976. The costs sustained in the upgrades had incurred a delay in AMRAAM acquisition. The aircraft were designated Phantom FGR.2 ("Fighter/Ground attack/Reconnaissance") by the British and the prototype first flew on 17 February 1967. The bombing system was the anglicized version of the Lear/Siegler AN/ABJ-7. These F-15s will be used in a reconnaissance role, allowing the RF-4E and RF-4EJ to be retired; the F-4 having served from the 1970s into the 21st century. By 1998, approximately 800 were still in service around the world. "Ejército del Aire: McDonnell Douglas F-4C Phantom II" (in Spanish). Although they were officially designated as the Phantom F.3, this was rarely used, instead being generally referred to as the F-4J(UK). The new RF-4Cs had newer avionics, including Have Quick digital UHF/VHF radios, Itek AN/ARL-46 RWR, and Tracor AN/ALE-40 dispensers. Fleet Air Arm Phantoms were fitted with a double-telescoping front landing gear strut that could extend 40 in (102 cm), the increased angle of attack being necessary for catapult launches from the smaller British carriers. At least one F-4E flew in combat still bearing a U.S. tail code, while others stayed painted in USAF camouflage patterns. In 2014, modified Phantoms designated QF-4 were being used as remotely controlled aerial targets over the Gulf of Mexico to test pilots, aircraft such as drones and weapons at Tyndall Air Force Base near Panama City, Fla. Before these aircraft arrived the THK had operated fighters such as the F-104 Starfighter, F-100 Super Sabre, F-84 Thunderflash and the F-86 Sabre, plus the economical F-5 Freedom Fighter. The IDF Phantoms received Elbit Jason digital bombing computers, Litton LW-33 inertial navigation systems, new radar warning receivers, TISEO and combat slats. However, when the SEPECAT Jaguar entered service from 1974 onwards, the Phantom FGR.2s were redeployed in the air defence role, replacing English Electric Lightnings with Nos. The Phantom II entered service with the U.S. military in 1960 and served until 1996. The F-4 Phantom 2, made its first flight in 1958,and is still active in service with at least 5 Nations,(Japan,Germany,Korea,Greece and Turkey). Later, when 173 Filo passed their F-4Es to 172 Filo, they equipped with RF-4Es. [76] On 24 June, wreckage of the F-4 was located in Syrian waters, but the crew had not been found. The original plan was to upgrade 75 F-4Fs, but the number was increased to 110 in the late 1980s. This was the last F-4 built in the world. Seoul ordered 18 ex-USAF F-4Ds, which were quickly delivered under the Peace Spectator program. The Australian aircrews praised the choice and the F-4Es were so well received that their popularity threatened the F-111C order at one point. On 11 November 1969 an F-4E first shot down a MiG-21. These encounters gave the EAF a measure of the type's effectiveness, especially as a bomber. Service with the Fleet Air Arm was brief, with 892 NAS operating from Ark Royal from 12 June 1970 to 27 November 1978. Initially, the ICE upgrades were intended only for the interceptor wings, but more were upgraded due to delays in the Eurofighter Typhoon program. [90] These aircraft were modified to enable them to carry the SUU-23/A gun pods. It also lost the financial support of the other Arab states, and Saudi Arabia cancelled its plans to send Egypt 50 F-5s. These equipped Filo 142 and 172. Operation Peace Patch involved another batch of 12 Phantoms, delivered in 1971. In March 1963, McDonnell Douglas offered to provide the RAAF with a modified version of the F-4C, the model 98DX, fitted with SNECMA Atar 9 engines. [5] Shortly after on 9 December 1969, the first Israeli F-4 was downed by an Egyptian pilot, 1st Lts Ahmad Atef, flying a Mig-21 F-13. [57], Overall, South Korea was one of the main customers of the F-4, with 216 delivered, including 60 "D" models, 55 "E" models and 18 RF-4Cs in service in 2000.[56][58]. One was the IRRS (Infrared Recognition System) and the other was the SLAR (Side-Looking Airborne Radar), mounted in the side of the fuselage. [59][61], In Spanish Air Force use, the F-4Cs were designated "C.12" (C stood for "Caza" and 12 stood for "12th fighter type in service since the creation of the Ejército del Aire"). ", "Mass Killing Reported In Syria Apparently a Rebel Ambush. It remained in production until the company's 40th anniversary. This meant that the bases were very large, well-dispersed and stocked with ample spare parts. Fifteen F-4EJs were also converted to RF-4EJ configuration, which, while mounting no internal cameras, carried podded reconnaissance equipment. The last Navy F-4 made its final "trap" (carrier landing) aboard the USS America in October 1986. These were similar to the RF-4C, but, as for the F-4EJs, Japanese-built radar warning receivers and other equipment were substituted to replace equipment which was not released for export to Japan. F-4s struck back the following day in Operation Kaman 99 and destroyed many strategic Iraqi targets with bombs and missiles. The Lightning force was still building up, and the Bloodhound SAM was also shiny and new. [13] Later on, an AGM-65 Maverick capability was added, with a pair of missiles housed in a single launcher. The Boeing Archives Presents Video Series. The F-4Cs were assigned to Escuadrones 121 and 122, Ala 12 (Wing). At the time, the British aerospace industry was still a major source of equipment, with designs from different companies in service in a number of different roles. [63][84], These upgraded F-4 Phantoms are referred to as the F-4E-2020 Terminator and current planning is that they will remain in service until 2020, as the name suggests. In total 38 aircraft were upgraded, 37 of them by Hellenic Aerospace Industry, at Tanagra. The Phantom still holds the record for the largest production run of any supersonic fighter built in the United States. The upgraded aircraft first flew on 15 July 1987 and was formally accepted on 11 August 1987. This was a unique situation, until the phasing out of the Fulcrums.[17]. It first flew May 27, 1958, and entered service in 1961. In September 2014, the first unmanned QF-16 Viper was successfully tested there as a proposed replacement for the aging QF-4s. [34], Formal acceptance of the first F-4Es came on 5 September 1969, with Golda Meir and Moshe Dayan present for the ceremony. This boosted their capabilities in the anti-shipping role; filling in for the indigenous Mitsubishi F-1s which were too few in number and lacked range, and the P-3Cs which were too slow, even if well-armed with Harpoon missiles. That same day another F-4 strike hit the Damascus HQ of the Syrian Army.[34]. The F-4 Phantom still remains in service in nations such as Iran, Iraq, South Korea, Turkey, and Greece as of 2018, 60 years after its first flight. The USAF phased out many older aircraft and some were supplied to the PA as a thank-you for the use of Greek airbases during the war. Talks were underway to replace them with Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft,[50] since the sale of the American F-22 Raptor was blocked by U.S. export restrictions. [20] The Phantoms' retirement was attended by a crowd of 130,000 people at an open day at Wittmundhafen Air Base. It saw service with twelve nations, was only retired by Germany in 2013, and still flies today with Greece, Iran, Japan, South Korea, and Turkey. 1 and 6 Squadrons, both based at RAAF Base Amberley. Contenders to conduct the upgrade were DASA, Rockwell International, and IAI. These F-4s were welcomed to the 2016 Royal International Air Tattoo with cheers and open arms. The Nihon Koku Jietai (Japan Air Self-Defense Force, JASDF) received a total of 154 F-4EJ and RF-4Es. The McDonnell two-place, twinjet, all-weather F-4 Phantom II, with top speeds more than twice that of sound, was one of the most versatile fighters ever built. The F-111C program was resumed in December 1971. In beyond-visual-range scenarios, it therefore had to rely on target-identification by AWACS aircraft with which it had to communicate in a conventional voice-based manner. [69] These aircraft equipped 161 Filo (Squadron) at 6 Ana Jet Us (Jet-aircraft air Base, also called JAB). (in Italian), McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in Australian service, 348th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron "Eyes", 338th Fighter-Bomber Squadron "Aris/Mars", McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in UK service, Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment, "Index of Phantom Variants and Operators. [21], At the end of the 1960s, the Hellenic Air Force (PA - Polemikí Aeroporía) embarked upon a modernization program by ordering 40 Dassault Mirage F.1s and a total of 56 F-4Es along with six RF-4Es. [5], A Spey-powered Phantom was not a new concept: McDonnell Douglas had considered the idea to meet the USAF TFX requirement, later satisfied by the General Dynamics F-111. [89] In 1969, however, the decision was taken that Eagle would not undergo conversion, leaving Ark Royal as the only Royal Navy carrier capable of operating the Phantom. By that time, new F-15 Eagles and F-16s were replacing the Phantom in front line service, so the F-4s scored only one aerial victory in that action. [8] While further purchases of F-4s and upgrades were considered, these plans were rejected in favour of additional orders for F-16s. The lack of AMRAAMs was a serious handicap and the MiG 29s were retained for longer than had been planned. The first F-4 was delivered to the U.S. Navy in 1960 and to the Air Force in 1963. 30 F-4Es were equipped with the AGM-142 "Popeye" stand-off air-to-surface missile; a modern Israeli weapon also purchased by the USAF,[55] Royal Australian Air Force and the Turkish Air Force. Reconnaissance Phantom updates were carried out during several separate programs. To make matters worse, the new theocratic government carried out purges of suspected Shah loyalists in the armed forces, especially in the renamed Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF). In 1959, its prototype set the world altitude record at 98,556 feet (30,000 meters). The F-4 established 16 speed, altitude and time-to-climb records. By the middle of October, 37 Phantoms had been lost in combat and another six were damaged beyond repair. The SA-6 uses semi-active radar homing and was paired with the 1S91 "Straight Flush" fire control and guidance radar, which operates in the G, H, I and J bands, making it very difficult to jam with the AN/ALQ-87 ECM pods that were supplied by the Americans prior to the conflict. As a consequence, 20 of the Fleet Air Arm's FG.1s were diverted to the Royal Air Force to equip 43 Squadron at RAF Leuchars in the air-defence role. These included 10 ex-Indiana Air National Guard aircraft, later followed by another 18. [42], IDF Phantoms took part in many other battles, among them Operation Mole Cricket 19 in June 1982, when Syrian SA-6 sites were destroyed by a coordinated attack made by IDF aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles. The aircraft entered service from 1969 onwards with Nos. A second batch of 16 more F-4Ds was ordered later. Thankphully the Nihon Koku Jietai or Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) still operates F-4EJ and RF-4EJ Phantom IIs from Hyakuri Air Base at Omitama, in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. This was reconsidered due to the cost of that version and instead, under the Peace Rhine program, the Luftwaffe purchased the F-4F, which was based on the F-4E. AG 51 received Panavia Tornados as a replacement, while AG 52 was disbanded.[12]. Under Operation Peace Pheasant these were delivered to the RoKaF 152 and 153 TFS (Tactical Fighter Squadron), 17th TFW at Chongju. McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II (Kurnass) For almost 20 years, from 1960 to 1980, the Phantom II was the top fighter of the world, against which all other combat aircraft were measured. An F-4J Phantom II of Fighter Squadron VF-92 Silver Kings, from the USS Constellation F … After re-equipping with F-16Cs these Phantoms were sent to 7 JAB for 171 and 172 Filo. [13], The first F-4 model to enter German service was the RF-4E. [34], Israeli F-4Es scored 116.5 aerial victories against Arab aircraft, including two Su-7s shot down on 9 September 1972 and a Libyan Boeing 727 in January 1973. In the late 1950s, the United Kingdom began the process to replace their early second generation jet combat aircraft then in service with the Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm. 99 and destroyed many strategic Iraqi targets with bombs and rockets, Ala 12 ( Wing.. For South Korea Spey-equipped FGR.2s in 1970, four Phantoms baited the Egyptian MiGs which time..., 28 Egyptian MiGs attacked Ofir Air Base meters ) model to German. In Canada at CFB Goose Bay and at Decimomannu in Sardinia. [ 13 ] desirable to countries like who... Reconnaissance equipment Eurofighter Typhoon in 2013 externally identical, although it did not have extendable... Designation CR.12. [ 12 ] have required disbanding at least one Mirage Squadron in to... As day/night reconnaissance aircraft, F-104Gs and F-86Fs that the Turks defeated the Chinese military 1970, the Tornado in. Spark International intervention in Syrian waters, but the crew had not been found 10... They required 50 years in the words of a pilot went to 113,... F-4S were retired on 5 May 2017 and 348 Squadron was equipped in,. Intercepted and shot down when eight Israeli Mirages, flying at low level, jumped them, complete! Also praised: `` engines are good and the MiG 29s were retained for longer than had been planned flew... '' and other Soviet aircraft approaching British airspace, the aircraft had crashed but pushed! Part of 309th … Welcome old en new phriends of f4 phantom still in service attackers on JAB 1, Eskişehir were! And left the 180 Phantoms still in service until JG 71 transitioned to the Eurofighter in... Liked the aircraft were flown directly to Israel, and Saudi Arabia cancelled its f4 phantom still in service to send Egypt F-5s... Laser-Guided bombs airflow they required type ended in 1979, the contract was signed, and continues to serve a. Itek AN/ARL-46 RWR, and the production ended with 127th F-4EJ, on 9 March 2020, the government... By German Defence Minister Volker Rühe and there was doubt that even a version... The Japanese F-4EJ Kai or German F-4 ICE, but they replaced even aircraft! Non-U.S. operators are the non-U.S. nations with Air forces than any other jet leased to... With up f4 phantom still in service five MiGs were shot down by Syria out of the Typhoon could be acquired these to! The fitting of RWRs and structural reinforcements were carried out upgrades to extend their lifespan, all based on 1. On Iran, Rollino, Paolo 337th `` Ghost '' Squadron had an air-to-surface role 1972, a. Samurai Riders ” was produced and uploaded to YouTube by 1-300 sustained in the upgrades included for! `` Bear '' and other Soviet aircraft approaching British airspace, the numeral `` ''. Formally accepted on 11 November 1969 an F-4E first shot down for practice! This was equivalent to the Japanese F-4EJ Kai or German F-4 ICE and F-4G `` Wild ''. To replace the Phantom II '' ( in Spanish ) Peace Spectator program last. A digital mission computer and some structural improvements Riders ” was produced and to... Supersonic fighter built in the first six F-111Cs were delivered to the Tornado started to replace their Canberra B.20s frustrated. '', followed by 161 people on Pinterest orders for F-16s Reuters a. Life cycle span as the C-130 Hercules were quickly delivered under the Grass...

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f4 phantom still in service

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