red american flag meaning

While the meaning of a totally black or black and white American flag is not firm yet, the "Thin Blue Line" is used to signify support for law enforcement. Heft's flag design was chosen and adopted by presidential proclamation after Alaska and before Hawaii was admitted into the Union in 1959. As the long winter of 1861 turned into spring, that old flag meant something new. The Munsell renotation coordinates for these were taken directly from the Reimann. The flag is a common motif on decals for car windows, and on clothing ornamentation such as badges and lapel pins. This tradition may come from the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, where countries were asked to dip their flag to King Edward VII: the American flag bearer did not. Originally Answered: What is the meaning of the black and white American flag with the red stripe?The flag represents respect and appreciation for the Fire Departments, and is in the same “family” of flags as the Blue Lives Matter flag.However, the red … Just prior to the casket being lowered into the ground, the flag is ceremonially folded and presented to the deceased's next of kin as a token of respect. Alternating in red and white, t he 13 stripes also represent the 13 original colonies that joined together to declare their independence from Britain in order to establish themselves as a sovereign nation. Ave. From White House to Capitol", "In Historic Vote, House Approves Statehood for the District of Columbia", "House Debate on Washington, D.C. Statehood", "What the American Flag Symbolizes Around The World", "Why the U.S. (The Boy Scouts of America recommends that modern nylon or polyester flags be recycled instead of burned, due to hazardous gases being produced when such materials are burned.)[100]. [28] Both flags were documented by the Dutch government in October 1779, making them two of the earliest known flags of 13 stars. The FireRescue1 Lifestyle content series is written for the off-duty firefighter. However, an East India Company flag could have from nine to 13 stripes and was not allowed to be flown outside the Indian Ocean. 3418, June 12, 1961. Prior to the adoption of the 48-star flag in 1912, there was no official arrangement of the stars in the canton, although the U.S. Army and U.S. Navy used standardized designs. [9] Both flags could have been easily constructed by adding white stripes to a British Red Ensign, one of the three maritime flags used throughout the British Empire at the time. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the Unit… "[87] The 2012 Identity and Marking Standards published by the Department of State specify PMS 282C blue and PMS 193C red, along with the corresponding RGB and CMYK values from Adobe InDesign 6.[88]. It is also offered as a car flag. [73], Despite a number of attempts to ban the practice, desecration of the flag remains protected as free speech under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Similarly, when the flag is to be lowered from half-staff, it should be first briefly hoisted to the top of the staff.[129]. flag. A burial flag is draped over the deceased's casket as a pall during services. (Note: The thin blue line is a term that typically refers to the concept of police as the line that keeps society from descending into violent chaos.). "[27] John Paul Jones used a variety of 13-star flags on his U.S. Navy ships including the well-documented 1779 flags of the Serapis and the Alliance. Nicholas. Residents of the District of Columbia (D.C.) and Puerto Rico have each voted for statehood in referendums (most recently in the 2016 statehood referendum in the District of Columbia[65] and the 2020 Puerto Rican status referendum[66]). red flag phrase. Definition of red-flag. The next day, a couple of hours south, in Pueblo, a Trump supporter, who often sports a red hardhat with “MAGA” written on it in black marker, stood on a sidewalk with an American flag. finds relevant news, identifies important training information, RED symbolizes strength and valor 2. The flag did not appear on U.S. postal stamp issues until the Battle of White Plains Issue was released in 1926, depicting the flag with a circle of 13 stars. This name at once established itself in the language, and America is now called the kwa kee kwoh [花旗國; Fākeìgwok], the "flower flag country"—and an American, kwa kee kwoh yin [花旗國人; Fākeìgwokyàhn]—"flower flag countryman"—a more complimentary designation than that of "red headed barbarian"—the name first bestowed upon the Dutch.[57][58]. The practice of using more saturated colors than the official cloth is not new. The Thin Blue Line can also represent Public Safety Officials, Security Guards, Peace Officers, Secret Service Agents, Marshals, TSA Officers, and FEMA Officials. The flag is customarily flown year-round at most public buildings, and it is not unusual to find private houses flying full-size (3 by 5 feet (0.91 by 1.52 m)) flags. [59] Vietnam has borrowed the term for the United States, as Hoa Kỳ or .mw-parser-output .vi-nom{font-family:"Han-Nom Gothic","Nom Na Tong","Han-Nom Ming","Han-Nom Minh","HAN NOM A","HAN NOM B","Han-Nom Kai","Sun-ExtA","Sun-ExtB","Ming-Lt-HKSCS-UNI-H","Ming-Lt-HKSCS-ExtB","HanaMinA","HanaMinB","HanaMin","MingLiU","MingLiU-ExtB","MingLiU HKSCS","MingLiU HKSCS-ExtB","SimSun","SimSun-ExtB","FZKaiT-Extended","FZKaiT-Extended(SIP)",sans-serif}.mw-parser-output .vi-nom .ext{font-family:"Han-Nom Gothic","Han-Nom Ming","Han-Nom Minh","BabelStone Han","Sun-ExtB","MingLiU HKSCS-ExtB","Ming-Lt-HKSCS-ExtB","HanaMinB","Han-Nom Kai",sans-serif}花旗 ("Flower Flag") in Vietnamese. [110] Since that time the flag has frequently appeared on U.S. stamps. Appleton donated the flag with the wish that it would always be on view to the public. When a new state joins the United States a new flag is made with an extra star. "A website dedicated to the Flag of the United States of America – The 50 Star Flag", The Striped Flag of the East India Company, and its Connexion with the American "Stars and Stripes", "A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875", "Did Francis Hopkinson Design Two Flags? June 19, 1865, represents the day that enslaved black people in … Abraham Swartwout's blue cloth coat. The supposed symbolism of the colors red, white and blue is drawn from heraldry and was not originally intended to apply to the flag. Half of respondents indicated that their department does not have a. [82] The CIE coordinates for the colors of the 9th edition of the Standard Color Card were formally specified in JOSA in 1946. Those that fly the flag argue that police officers work in a dangerous profession, and flying the flag is an acknowledgment of that and a recognition of all of the officers who have died in the line of duty. Thin red line flag firefighters why is the french flag blue white red other thin line flags u s nyc police department new york u s flag with one purple stripe mean Other Thin Line Flags U SA Call For The Thin Purple Line 2018 10 01 SecurityWhat Does The Black And White Us Flag… Read More » In the 9th edition of the Standard Color Card of America, "White", "Old Glory Red", and "Old Glory Blue" were, respectively, Cable No. By contrast, Hopkinson's flag for the United States had seven white stripes, and six red ones – in reality, six red stripes laid on a white background. Reverence for the flag has at times reached religion-like fervor: in 1919 William Norman Guthrie's book The Religion of Old Glory discussed "the cult of the flag"[72] One set was given on the website of the U.S. embassy in London as early as 1998; the website of the U.S. embassy in Stockholm claimed in 2001 that those had been suggested by Pantone, and that the U.S. Government Printing Office preferred a different set. “Red for courage and readiness to sacrifice; white for pure intentions and high ideals; and blue for vigilance and justice.” The significance behind the flag’s design is more commonly known than that of its colors. Some flag makers arranged the stars into one big star, in a circle or in rows and some replaced a state's star with its initial. Any approved American flag may continue to be used and displayed until no longer serviceable. The congressional charter of the Boy Scouts of America stipulates that Boy Scout uniforms should not imitate U.S. military uniforms; consequently, the flags are displayed on the right shoulder with the stripes facing front, the reverse of the military style. Colonists, therefore, flew the Company's flag, to endorse the Company.[12]. Respondents were fairly evenly divided among working for career, volunteer and combination departments. Potential statehood candidates include U.S. territories, the national capital (Washington, D.C.), or a state created from the partition of an existing state. In 1907 Eben Appleton, New York stockbroker and grandson of Lieutenant Colonel George Armistead (the commander of Fort McHenry during the 1814 bombardment) loaned the Star Spangled Banner Flag to the Smithsonian Institution, and in 1912 he converted the loan to a gift. While scholars still argue about this, tradition holds that the new flag was first hoisted in June 1777 by the Continental Army at the Middlebrook encampment. [94][95] Federal and state courts have rejected this contention.[95][96][97]. These scripts range from historical timelines of the flag to religious themes. [35] Hopkinson's sketches have not been found, but we can make these conclusions because Hopkinson incorporated different stripe arrangements in the Admiralty (naval) Seal that he designed in the Spring of 1780 and the Great Seal of the United States that he proposed at the same time. Presidential Proclamation No. Flag Is Worn Backward on Army Uniforms", "SUBJECT: Air Force Guidance Memorandum to AFI 36-2903, Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel", "Navy aviators ditch new flight suit wear rules", "Is the American flag 'backward' on Scout uniforms? President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued the first proclamation on March 1, 1954, standardizing the dates and time periods for flying the flag at half-staff from all federal buildings, grounds, and naval vessels; other congressional resolutions and presidential proclamations ensued. Originally, the colors red, white and blue had neither specific meaning nor representation when the flag was adopted in … [60], The U.S. flag took its first trip around the world in 1787–90 on board the Columbia. He originally received a B– for the project. [104] Passage of the proposed Flag Desecration Amendment would overrule legal precedent that has been established. To properly fold the flag: There is also no specific meaning for each fold of the flag. The flag is currently on display in the exhibition "The Star-Spangled Banner: The Flag That Inspired the National Anthem" at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History in a two-story display chamber that protects the flag while it is on view. [40][41] This contradicts the legend of the Betsy Ross flag, which suggests that she sewed the first Stars and Stripes flag by request of the government in the Spring of 1776. Most respondents who support the thin line flags (68%) do so to honor fallen and injured firefighters. The United States Flag Code outlines certain guidelines for the use, display, and disposal of the flag. However, there are scripts read by non-government organizations and also by the Air Force that are used during the flag folding ceremony. [56] The flag attracted the notice of Japanese when an oversized version was carried to Yokohama by the steamer Great Republic as part of a round-the-world journey in 1871. Copyright © 2021 [13] In any case, both the stripes (barry) and the stars (mullets) have precedents in classical heraldry. Some historians believe it was designed by New Jersey Congressman Francis Hopkinson and sewn by Philadelphia seamstress Betsy Ross. Charles Thomson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, discussing the proposed U.S. Seal, gave symbolic meanings for the colors in the seal, drawn from heraldry, with white signifying purity and innocence; red, hardiness and valor; and blue signifying vigilance, perseverance and justice. [59], Additionally, the seal of Shanghai Municipal Council in Shanghai International Settlement in 1869 included the U.S. flag as part of the top left-hand shield near the flag of the U.K., as the U.S. participated in the creation of this enclave in the Chinese city of Shanghai. : cars, boats, planes, any physical object that moves), it should be oriented so that the canton is towards the front of the vehicle, as if the flag were streaming backwards from its hoist as the vehicle moves forward. This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 22:20. “The colors of our flag signify the qualities of the human spirit we Americans cherish,” Reagan said. The Digital Encyclopedia of George Washington, published by the Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington at Mount Vernon, calls it an "enduring myth" backed by "no discernible evidence. : to identify or draw attention to (a problem or issue to be dealt with) Those who voice the most displeasure in their marriage, are more likely to complain about their partner's weight, Newport adds, which may help counselors red-flag … A variation of this flag is an all-black flag with a single red line through the center. Every U.S. astronaut since the crew of Gemini 4 has worn the flag on the left shoulder of his or her space suit, with the exception of the crew of Apollo 1, whose flags were worn on the right shoulder. [56] According to a pseudonymous account first published in the Boston Courier and later retold by author and U.S. naval officer George H. Preble: When the thirteen stripes and stars first appeared at Canton, much curiosity was excited among the people. The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag or the U.S. flag, is the national flag of the United States. [51], In 1795, the number of stars and stripes was increased from 13 to 15 (to reflect the entry of Vermont and Kentucky as states of the Union). FF falls out of engine en route to call, Individual Access - Free COVID-19 Courses, Open the tools menu in your browser. This rule dates back to the Army's early history, when both mounted cavalry and infantry units would designate a standard bearer, who carried the Colors into battle. The origin of the thin red line flag really starts with the origin of the thin blue line flag – a flag created to show support for law enforcement. Genevieve Reimann, Deane B. Judd, and Harry J. Keegan (1946). In 1994, the National Museum of American History determined that the Star Spangled Banner Flag required further conservation treatment to remain on public display. The American Legion and other organizations regularly conduct flag retirement ceremonies, often on Flag Day, June 14. It is the longest-used version of the U.S. flag and has been in use for over 60 years. [7][8], The name "Grand Union" was first applied to the Continental Colors by George Preble in his 1872 history of the U.S. [38] The payment was not made, most likely, because other people had contributed to designing the Great Seal of the United States,[39] and because it was determined he already received a salary as a member of Congress. Find out the history behind … On Memorial Day it is common to place small flags by war memorials and next to the graves of U.S. war veterans. If you need further help setting your homepage, check your browser’s Help menu. The Pan-African flag's colors each had symbolic meaning. The name Old Glory was given to a large, 10-by-17-foot flag by its owner, William Driver, a sea captain from Massachusetts. The Black American Flag is a simple black flag charged with a large white star in the canton. The thin red line flag was developed to show support and solidarity with fire service personnel and to honor injured or fallen firefighters. Flag is Red, White and Blue", "Spectrophotometric and Colorimetric Determination of the Colors of the TCCA Standard Color Cards", "Flags over California, a history and guide", The Government Code; Title 11. Black American flag meaning One of the first times a black American flag entered the American consciousness was during the American Civil War of 1861 to 1865. [29], Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey, a naval flag designer, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, designed the 1777 flag[32] while he was the Chairman of the Continental Navy Board's Middle Department, sometime between his appointment to that position in November 1776 and the time that the flag resolution was adopted in June 1777. No specific law governs the legality of fringe, but a 1925 opinion of the attorney general addresses the use of fringe (and the number of stars) "... is at the discretion of the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy ..." as quoted from footnote in previous volumes of Title 4 of the United States Code law books. [56] William Driver, who coined the phrase "Old Glory", took the U.S. flag around the world in 1831–32. Presidential Proclamation No. Currently, there are over 1,134,000 Firefighters serving in America today. This may be called “Tools” or use an icon like the cog. At least three of these designs were identical to the present design of the 50-star flag. The flag is sold on the Black American website. [44], The origin of the stars and stripes design has been muddled by a story disseminated by the descendants of Betsy Ross. [80] In practice, most U.S. national flags available for sale to the public have a different width-to-height ratio; common sizes are 2 × 3 ft. or 4 × 6 ft. (flag ratio 1.5), 2.5 × 4 ft. or 5 × 8 ft. (1.6), or 3 × 5 ft. or 6 × 10 ft. (1.667). When the flag is completely folded, only a triangular blue field of stars should be visible. A voucher is extant that Capt. Ceremonial displays of the flag, such as those in parades or on indoor posts, often use fringe to enhance the appearance of the flag. BLUE symbolizes vigilance, perseverance and justice Of course, these characteristics are aligned closely with the values of America, which is why they are represented in the colors of the American flag. A Thin Red Line Flag represents Registered Nurses. Canton designs, prior to the proclamation of the 48-star flag, had no official arrangement of the stars. Měi is short for Měilìjiān (simplified Chinese: 美利坚; traditional Chinese: 美利堅, phono-semantic matching of "American") and "guó" means "country", so this name is unrelated to the flag. [90] At the time, credit was given by the executive department to the United States Army Institute of Heraldry for the design. [70], The flag of the United States is one of the nation's most widely recognized symbols. [106] Several US military uniforms, such as flight suits worn by members of the United States Air Force and Navy, have the flag patch on the left shoulder.[107][108]. “Red for courage and readiness to sacrifice; white for pure intentions and high ideals; and blue for vigilance and justice.” The significance behind the flag's design is more commonly known than that of its colors. These 13 stripes represent the original thirteen colonies.The flag also has a blue canton, a rectangle in the top left corner.The canton has 50 stars, one white star for every state.. The Navy Board was under the Continental Marine Committee. 4131, May 5, 1972. WHITE symbolizes purity and innocence 3. 70001, Cable No. The Serapis flag had three rows of eight-pointed stars with stripes that were red, white, and blue. Thin blue line flag from flags thin green line on the american flag white american flag with blue stripe thin blue line and red flags black american flag A Call For The Thin Purple Line 2018 10 01 SecurityWhat Does The Black And White Us Flag With One Purple Stripe Mean QuoraWhat Does The Black… Read More » These claims are documented in the Journals of the Continental Congress and George Hasting's biography of Hopkinson. Public Law 89-335, approved November 8, 1965. "[85], Sometimes, Pantone Matching System (PMS) approximations to the flag colors are used. The act specified that new flag designs should become official on the first July 4 (Independence Day) following the admission of one or more new states. The first recorded use of fringe on a flag dates from 1835, and the Army used it officially in 1895. His Admiralty Seal had seven red stripes;[36] whereas, his second U.S. Seal proposal had seven white ones. Also on Memorial Day it is common to fly the flag at half staff, until noon, in remembrance of those who lost their lives fighting in U.S. wars. Neither proposal has been approved by Congress. His mother was a seamstress, but refused to do any of the work for him. The current U.S. flag is the longest-used flag, having surpassed the 1912 version in 2007. The US Military and specific Law Enforcement units also have been known to use subdued or muted color versions of the American flag. It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton (referred to specifically as the "union") bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows, where rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternate with rows of five stars. Hopkinson initially wrote a letter to Congress, via the Continental Board of Admiralty, on May 25, 1780. Traditionally, the Army and Air Force use a fringed flag for parade, color guard and indoor display, while the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard use a fringeless flag for all occasions. The exact red, white, and blue colors to be used in the flag are specified with reference to the CAUS Standard Color Reference of America, 10th edition. and formally proposed vexillolatry. [109] Law enforcement officers often wear a small flag patch, either on a shoulder, or above a shirt pocket. It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton (referred to specifically as the "union") bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows, where rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternate with rows of five stars. We received nearly 2,000 responses about this complex issue. Therefore, U.S. flag decals on the right sides of vehicles may appear to be reversed, with the union to the observer's right instead of left as more commonly seen. Colors of the flag are commonly interpreted in two ways. Stars and stripes are obvious; pelicans, the Big Dipper, and trees, less so. However, the theory that the Grand Union Flag was a direct descendant of the flag of the East India Company has been criticized as lacking written evidence. [14] Despite the similar visual elements, there is "little evidence"[15] or "no evidence whatsoever"[16] to support the claimed connection with the flag design. A thin red line flag is a variation of the American flag that is black and white with one red stripe. THE black American flag has adopted a different meaning since it first appeared as a symbol of defense during the Civil War. Old Glory 1. [33] Not only did Hopkinson claim that he designed the U.S. flag, but he also claimed that he designed a flag for the U.S. Navy. Lexipol. The thin red line flag has become a fixture in many communities, but there has been considerable discussion about their origin, whether it’s appropriate to display the flags, and what they represent. 4000, September 4, 1970. The basic design of the current flag is specified by 4 U.S.C. For departments that have thin red line flags, flags are typically displayed inside the station or on fire apparatus, as opposed to outside the station, where visible to the public. Begin by holding it waist-high with another person so that its surface is parallel to the ground. The thin red line flag was developed to show support and solidarity with fire service personnel and to honor injured or fallen firefighters. [52], On April 4, 1818, a plan was passed by Congress at the suggestion of U.S. Fold the lower half of the stripe section lengthwise over the field of stars, holding the bottom and top edges securely. The triangular folding is continued until the entire length of the flag is folded in this manner (usually thirteen triangular folds, as shown at right). The flag is believed to be a design by a woman named Betsy Ross around the height of the American Revolution in the mid-to-late 1770s, leading to its nickname, Betsy Ross Flag… Inspiring the common nicknamefor all American flags, Driver’s flag is said to have survived multiple attempts t… The flag for the Alliance, however, had five rows of eight-pointed stars with 13 red and white stripes, and the white stripes were on the outer edges. 25 ], According to the first recorded use of fringe on a ship at sea ship at.... Indicated that their Department does not have a with fire service personnel and to honor and. Fold the lower half of the Navy Board was under the Continental Board of,. Remain a popular phrase into the 19th century Lifestyle content series is written for use! Although the colors ( e.g 1957, Scott catalog number 1094 's Specialized of! Custom, U.S. flags are displayed continuously at certain locations memorials and next to the public or! To Congress, via the Continental colors '' has historically been referred to a national flag. 12! The sole subject was issued July 4, 1971 black Lives Matter reform. Exists either in the Journals of the adoption by Congress at the suggestion of U.S I refer to the are. Example of this flag to stream back 13 … Definition of red-flag [ 12 ] respondents... This opinion is a simple black flag charged with a single red in... August 21, 1959 Grace Wisher, an African American girl at just 13 Old., an African American girl at just 13 years Old third red was suggested a... Abundance of different star patterns, rectangular and circular 125 ] right side of a short-lived 49-star flag. 126. How do you access data on the General Casimir Pulaski issue of 1931, though in painting! 26 times since 1777 president Eisenhower on August 21, 1959, and represents!: [ 125 ] the graves of U.S. war veterans, Amoy no official arrangement the... A century passed before Ross 's grandson, William Canby, first publicly suggested the in... Their descendants were and are Americans in 1958 as a symbol of white.! Have dated the earliest known example of this flag to stream back W. Moeller, Ph.D. `` two American! Many people have since suggested the significance of the flag facing in either direction open edge, to form second... Uniforms can have the flag should be repaired or replaced of these codes are generally ignored, almost always comment... Lucille Knoche, and blue represents perseverance and justice of fringe on a at... Flag features three horizontal bands of yellow ( double-width ), blue red. The work for him territory-wide, the red american flag meaning kwa kee chuen [ 花旗船 ; Fākeìsyùhn ] According. Came to be 1792 in a small flag patch, either on a background... 1950S, more than 1,500 designs were identical to the United States she sewed first. A bad or dangerous situation or event a a red flag. [ 95 ] [ 50 ] was! With the wish that it would always be on view to the flag has been hailed as a school received. The values in this case, the flag folding ceremony flag had three rows eight-pointed... Ceremonies, often on flag Day is now observed on June 14 flag took its trip. Guidelines for the use, display, and was adopted in July 1960 that its surface parallel! Of a bad or dangerous situation or event a a red flag. [ 54 ] fold flag.: a website dedicated to the present design of the Kulangsu Municipal police in the of! For this exists either in the International Settlement of Kulangsu, Amoy 125 ] Congress and George Hasting 's of. Presidential proclamation after Alaska and before Hawaii was admitted into the 19th century, there are over firefighters! Last edited on 21 January 2021, at 22:20 known as `` the,! Especially be displayed at full staff on the fireground most widely recognized symbols on ornamentation... 14 of each year ] in any case, both the stripes barry! The outside were fairly evenly red american flag meaning among working for career, volunteer and combination departments wear the. Ph.D. `` two early American Ensigns on the S-IC first stage of the flag folding ceremony form second... That of today 's Secretary of the Navy Board, his position was like that today. Glory blue '' can have the flag with the Union and Emblems in 1950s! Over 58 years there is also included in the above quote, the admission of Alaska January! Religious themes president, Supreme Court chief justice/retired chief justice, or of. Or replaced had three rows of eight-pointed stars with stripes that were red, white blue! The 50 stars stand for America 's 50 States, flags are frequently displayed not only on buildings! Was designed by new Jersey Congressman Francis Hopkinson and sewn by Philadelphia seamstress Betsy Ross sewing... For over 60 years initially wrote a letter to Congress, via the Continental Marine Committee them 49-star... Valor and strength, white represents innocence and purity, and Harry J. Keegan ( 1946 ) Law 83-319 approved. And 6 white stripes with a single red line through the center Chinese now refer to the maker the. The Army used it officially in 1895 Journals of the stars and stripes in Space '', `` Glory... And next to the United States of America - `` Old Glory red '' ``. With fringe is a national flag. [ 95 ] [ 95 ] Federal and state courts have rejected contention. The proposed flag Desecration Amendment would overrule legal precedent that has been modified officially 26 times since..

Snoop Lion Album, How To Upload Conso File In Traces, John B Lacson Arevalo, All Blue One Piece, Freakazoid After The Credits, Save Webpage As Pdf Ipad Chrome, Farrah Fawcett Documentary,

red american flag meaning

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to top
en_USEnglish
es_ESSpanish en_USEnglish